For smooth riding and operation, a car needs a flawless fuel system. This system consists of a fuel tank, pump, fuel filter, and injectors. Problems with any of the elements can cause damage to the whole system and eventually cause trouble for the engine.
If the fuel source is not good and carries a lot of contaminants, the fuel filters end up dealing with the contaminants and go bad quicker than usual. So the fuel source is also very important. Good fuel can help the filter last longer.
Can a bad fuel filter cause car not to start?
A bad fuel filter can cause a car not to start especially if it is left unattended for a long time. The purpose of a fuel filter is to separate the dirt and debris of the fuel. Over time, the filter starts to get jammed and restricts fuel to the engine causing trouble starting the car.
Just like the saying – out of sight, out of mind, the fuel filters can’t be seen from outside hence they are often left unattended causing bigger problems later. Your car runs because of the fuel supply system and the fuel filter is a crucial part of that system.
Clogged fuel filter:
A clogged fuel filter can cause your car not to start. Usually, it is unlikely for a bad fuel filter to completely disable a car. But, if the filter gets fully blocked, it is possible.
A bad fuel filter won’t cause the car to stop at once. It will start showing symptoms that need to be attended to and solved in their earlier stages. If you leave the filter like this, the problems will only increase day by day and you can end up having trouble starting the car.
Old fuel filter:
An old fuel filter can also prevent a car from starting. This too happens because of dirt buildup. Old model cars, especially many old buses and trucks have fuel filters that never went through any checking, repairing or replacement.
The filters of these vehicles can easily get too greasy and dirty and cause trouble starting them.
3 reasons why bad fuel filters cause cars not to start
A bad fuel filter can cause the following problems that can result in hard starting or no starting of cars.
The fuel filter has to sieve out contaminants so only fresh fuel makes its way to the engine. When the filter starts going bad and gets completely clogged at one point, no fuel reaches the engine causing it to starve and the car not to start.
A bad fuel filter can cause the engine to stall. If you suddenly start finding your car stalling while you are driving, it may be a sign that the fuel filter is getting clogged up. This happens as fuel can’t reach the engine properly or in an adequate amount due to the jammed filter.
Once it clogs up completely, your car might not start at all.
Damaging the fuel system:
A bad fuel filter can damage the whole fuel system. Without a safe running fuel system, the car is unable to function or even start. When the fuel filter starts to go bad, it also starts losing its power to safeguard the fuel system from damage.
When contaminants are not separated properly they infiltrate the whole system. As your fuel filter gets clogged, it makes the pump work harder that can severely damage the pump. The system slowly fails to cause the car to stop running at one point.
How do you tell if your fuel pump or fuel filter is bad?
Walkthrough this section to know how to tell if your fuel pump or fuel filter is bad –
Finding your car hard to start:
If you suddenly start finding your car hard to start and if you never really took an interest in the fuel filter of the car, it’s about time you do. Difficulties in starting a car are often the result of a fuel filter gone bad.
Your car needs an adequate amount of fuel to start and run smoothly. When the filter is not in good shape, it restricts the fuel to the engine causing troubles for the car to start.
Poor performance of the engine:
A bad fuel filter fails to ensure the right amount of fuel to the engine. This can result in poor performance of the engine. A dirty fuel filter can cause random engine misfires. It often happens due to the excessive buildup on the filter.
You may be able to take care of the problem on the spot by a quick clean up but it will need a full check-up and even a replacement later. Another problem you may face is trouble accelerating. When you try to accelerate, you will find the speed not changing at all.
Frequent stalling and sputtering:
Another sign of a bad fuel filter is sudden stalling and sputtering of the engine. It happens when you are driving and the car starts normally but as soon as you try to stop the car or press on the acceleration the engine shuts down.
Frequent sputtering of the engine can happen anytime during the drive and can worsen day by day.
Fuel system failure:
The fuel system consists of the fuel tank, fuel pump, filter, and injectors. Any problem with the fuel filter can cause damage to the entire fuel system. So another sign of a bad fuel filter is a damaged fuel system.
As the bad filter fails to deliver the required fuel to the engine, the pump takes it upon itself creating more pressure to the motor and eventually failing.
When the filter becomes incapable of separating contaminants from the fuel, these may end up in the fuel injectors causing severe damage and even leakage.
Foul odors and strong fumes emitting from the exhaust can be a sign of a dirty fuel filter. While many other problems can cause the same result, there’s a high chance the filter has gone bad due to excessive dirt buildup.
How to start a car with a bad fuel filter?
The following methods might help you to start your car with a bad fuel filter –
Using manual pressure:
You can use manual pressure to help the fuel come through the lines. Even if you do manage to start your car with manual pressure this is no long-lasting solution. You will need professional assistance to solve the problem as soon as possible.
Attaching fuel pressure gauge:
You can attach a fuel pressure gauge to your car’s engine directly to start the car. A fuel pressure gauge is a convenient tool that can come to your aid when your car suddenly stops or you are unable to start the car due to problems with the fuel system.
Then again, this is a temporary solution and needs further assistance.
Maintaining engine heat:
If there’s a problem with the fuel system, the engine can cause trouble due to overheating. Similarly, when your car is resting and the engine has cooled down, it may start stalling once you try to start the car again.
You can avoid this problem by maintaining moderate heat for the engine. This will allow you to drive the car till you find professional support.
How long can you drive with a clogged fuel filter?
You can drive with a clogged fuel filter, but not for long. The duration and distance depend on the condition of the fuel filter and how you are handling the situation. If your car suddenly stops while driving, there are ways to start the car again.
But you should not solely depend on these easy remedies. You should go to a repair shop the first thing you get to start the car. You may need to change the fuel filter of a car of an old model every two years. For newer models, the interval can be way longer.
A bad fuel filter can cause your car not to start. The fuel filter is an essential part of your car’s fuel system that sieves out contaminants from the fuel. When it gathers too much buildup, it gets jammed. Leaving it unaddressed will cause damage to the fuel system as well the car’s engine.
I am an automotive enthusiast and have been interested in cars since I was a little kid. I have worked in the automotive industry for many years and have extensive knowledge of vehicles and their engines. I am a father of two and I love spending time with my family.
Read more about the author here.